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托福口語哪些語法容易出錯?這4個常見扣分現象了解一下

時間:2019-02-10 18:02來源:托福代考 教育 作者:李老師 點擊:
托福口語中雖然比較重視大家的表述能力和回答內容的質量,但對于考生在回答中體現出的語法水平也并非毫無要求。偶爾為之的語法口誤可能會被容忍不予扣分,不過太過低級且頻繁

  托福口語中雖然比較重視大家的表述能力和回答內容的質量,但對于考生在回答中體現出的語法水平也并非毫無要求。偶爾為之的語法口誤可能會被容忍不予扣分,不過太過低級且頻繁出現的語法錯誤必然會影響得分。下面小編就來詳細講解托福口語中的4種常見扣分語法現象。

  托福口語常見扣分語法現象:主謂一致

  以下是學生課上答題的答案,大家能看出來這個同學的答案哪里錯了?

  Imagine that a guy drive along the high way where have a lot of billboards advertising cars. One billboard advertise a car called panther. This guy drive by, but he don’t notice that. If you ask him later to name an animal that start with letter “P”. Instead of saying pig, he say panther. He have no conscious memory about the billboard, but the billboard had an effect on him.

  正確答案是:

  Imagine that a guy driveS along the high way where HAS a lot of billboards advertising cars. One billboard advertiseS a car called panther. This guy driveS by, but he DOESN’T notice that. If you ask him later to name an animal that startS with letter “P”. Instead of saying pig, he sayS panther. He HAS no conscious memory about the billboard, but the billboard had an effect on him.

  錯誤原因:

   主語是第三人稱時,謂語還是原型,并沒有變形。其實,除了主語是第三人稱時謂語要做第三人稱單數的變形,當主語是名詞性從句,動詞不定式,和動名詞時,謂語也要用第三人稱單數。

  托福口語常見扣分語法現象:時態一致

  過去時的使用是時態使用中較為簡單的一種。可是,要做到在答題時需要使用過去時的時候都記得要使用過去時卻沒那么容易。同學在答題時會把注意力集中到語言的組織上,無暇顧及時態,所以常常會出現時態的混用。

  請大家看看下面這位同學的答案有什么問題:

  I went out to a movie yesterday, and I watch Smurfs 2. After the movie, I had dinner with friends.

  這個同學描述的是昨天做的事情。前面記得用過去時,說著說著,變成了一般現在時,到最后又變回了過去時。

  正確答案:

  I went out to a movie yesterday, and I watchED Smurfs 2. After the movie, I had dinner with friends.

   托福口語常見扣分語法現象:人稱一致

  人稱一致問題是同學在答托福Task5的時候慣犯的一個錯誤。Task5是學生困難和解決題,一男一女進行對話。對話中一個同學敘述自己遇到的問題,另外一個同學提出解決方案,題目要求是復述學生的困難和解決方案等。學生答題時一會兒用she,一會兒用he, 無法自拔。

  我們來看看下面這個同學是怎么答題的:

  In the conversation, the man has a problem that he forgot his paper home, but today is the due date. He has two options. First, she can drive back to get his paper. If he hurries, she can come back before the class is over. Second, he can e-mail the paper to her professor later, but...

  這篇對話描述的是一個男生同學遇到的問題以及他可能選擇的解決方案有哪些。可是這位答題的同學開頭用的是he, 后面就不斷的蹦出了she.

   為什么會出現這種現象呢?在漢語中不管是“他”還是“她”,發音是一樣的。我們從來不會說“男他”,“女她”。導致我們在說英語的時候總是把he,she混淆。

  正確答案:

  In the conversation, the man has a problem that he forgot his paper home, but today is the due date. He has two options. First, he can drive back to get his paper. If he hurries, he can come back before the class is over. Second, he can e-mail the paper to his professor later, but...

  托福口語常見扣分語法現象:名詞復數

  在托福口語答題中使用到可數名詞時要么前面加“the”表特指,要么前面加“a”表個別,要么后面加“s”表一群。可同學答題時往往把可數名詞孤零零放在那兒,什么也不加。

  我們看看下面這個同學是怎么答題的:

  Pronghorn live in North America. They run super fast. Why do they run fast? Long time ago, lion lived in North America, chase and prey pronghorns. Lion are faster than other predators today. Now, lion are extinct. They are no longer predator for pronghorn. But back then, pronghorns’ speed was critical to their survival.

  答案中所加下劃線的部分都是可數名詞,后面都要加“s”.

  正確答案:

  Pronghorns live in North America. They run super fast. Why do they run fast? Long time ago, lions lived in North America, chase and prey pronghorns. Lions are faster than other predators today. Now, lions are extinct. They are no longer predators for pronghorn. But back then, pronghorns’ speed was critical to their survival.

(責任編輯:李老師)
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